Periodontics San Francisco, CA
Treat periodontal (gum) disease and decay.
There are several ways to treat periodontal (gum) disease. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and/or surrounding soft tissue. Caused by a buildup of bacteria, the best way to prevent such infections is to practice good brushing, flossing, and nutrition every day.
Beginning in small crevices where the tooth meets the gum, the infection can appear as only minor swelling or bleeding. As the infection progresses, however, it moves deeper below the gum line where it forms large pockets of bacteria in and around the roots of the tooth. Left untreated the disease will decay the bone around the tooth and jaw, which may require a surgical procedure.
It is important to do everything possible to keep the disease from progressing with the treatment of one or more of the following:
Treat repeated periodontal flare ups.
Many people experience repeated infection of their gums due to periodontal disease and enlarged pockets around the teeth. When repeated periodontal flare ups continue to occur our office provides periodontal maintenance. Patients who require a more diligent oral hygiene routine are scheduled for more frequent dental cleaning appointments. This is important because the severity of damage caused by periodontal infection increases exponentially as it progresses. Each patient is evaluated so a customized schedule can be maintained to avoid major damage to teeth and gums and support overall general health.
Typically a deep cleaning (root debridement) is preformed to remove infection below the gum line. Our office will take measurements of pocket depth around your teeth, and perform scaling and root debridement to reduce buildup on teeth and prevent future infections. If you are experiencing painful, swollen, or bleeding gums, contact our office.
Rise away infection and debris from healthy gums.
To ensure good oral health our office offers ultrasonic tooth cleaning technology to accompany dental oral hygiene cleaning, scaling and root debridement. This equipment is basically a tooth scaler with a special tip that provides water vibrated at a high rate to flush out bacteria below the gum line. It rinses away infection and debris from healthy gums. The tip glides over the tooth surface and is much more effective at removing hard buildup and calcium deposits than hand scaling alone can accomplish. It smoothes out bumps and divots on the tooth surface which creates an environment that prevents calculus/tartar buildup.
A preventative measure against periodontal infections.
There are preventive measures against periodontal infections. One method implemented in response to repeated infection its called crown lengthening. The procedure is an effective option for those patients who have excessive gum tissue which covers a large portion of the tooth. Patients who have extra gum tissue often have problems maintaining their oral health. The excess tissue causes tight spaces between teeth where food can be trapped—breeding bacteria and infection. The procedure is quite simple. The patient is sedated then the excess gum tissue is surgically removed. Then the trimmed tissue is shaped to create a symmetrical gum line with significantly less space, making it resistant to infection.
Periodontal laser treatment penetrates the gums to kill the infection.
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums. This infection starts with plaque buildup and food particles left on the teeth by improper oral hygiene (brushing and flossing). While the disease may start as a relatively minor irritation, these infections can quickly become more serious deteriorating the gums and other supporting tissue around your teeth. It is also widely known that periodontal disease has serious consequences for your overall general health. Gum disease contributes to such health risks as heart disease, stroke, low birth-weight babies, cancer and is even linked to Alzheimer’s disease. For this reason, it is vitally important to prevent these infections. The best way to prevent gum disease is to schedule regular dental cleanings and examinations.
When periodontal infections progress to advanced stages, they cannot be treated with regular oral hygiene appointments. In these cases, the gums must have the infection removed with more advanced periodontal treatment.
New technology using laser therapy is now available. During this procedure, a special laser is used to penetrate the gums and kill the infection. Laser therapy has a dramatically reduced pain and the healing period since there is no physical surgery on the gum tissue.